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Crops InfoBank

Walnut

1. Crop Varieties

Walnut varieties suitable for different states in India are:

State Varieties
Jammu and Kashmir Lake English, Drainovsky and Opex Caulchry
Himachal Pradesh Gobind, Eureka, Placentia, Wilson, Franquetfe and Kashmir Budded
Uttaranchal Chakrata Selections

http://www.apeda.gov.in/apedawebsite/SubHead_Products/Walnuts.htm

2. Production, Export & Import Statistics:

GLOBAL POSITION OF WALNUT:

1. Major Walnut Producing Countries (2009)

COUNTRY QUANTITY ('000 MT)
China P RP 933.00
Turkey 677.30
United states 419.12
Ukraine 83.90
Azerbaijan 39.09
Romania 38.34
India 36.00
Georgia 29.90
Austria 18.94
Poland 15.30

2. Major Walnut Exporting Countries (2009)

EXPORTING COUNTRY QUANTITY (MT) VALUE (Mill. US$)
Turkey 1,24,667.74 739.59
USA 1,80,182.10 610.71
France 29,721.58 119.01
Italy 19,584.66 115.17
Luxembourg 13,692.98 102.89
Chile 19,901.72 85.14
Ukraine 27,175.08 74.39
Germany 8,615.46 54.89
Georgia 11,664.64 51.15
Azerbaijan 10,369.79 45.80

Source: Comtrade

NOTE: India is in 12th position in terms of the value of the export of the Walnuts

POSITION OF WALNUT IN INDIA

1. Statewise Area, Production and Productivity of Walnut in India (2009-10)

State Area
('000'HA.)
Production
('000'MT.)
Productivity
Jammu & Kashmir 103.6 213.7 2.063
Uttrakhand 18.6 16.3 0.876
Himachal Pradesh 11 3.3 0.3
Arunachal Pradesh 3.8 0.1 0.026
Total  137 233.4 1.704

Source: Indian Horticulture Database-2010

2. India's Major Export Destinations (2009-2010)

Country Quantity (MT) Value (Mill. US)
EGYPT ARAB REPUBLIC 904.15 5.42
SPAIN 931.54 4.93
UNITED KINGDOM 895.99 4.12
CHINA P RP 916.05 3.50
GERMANY 702.50 3.11
FRANCE 855.15 2.80
NETHERLAND 535.53 2.58
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 338.29 2.06
GREECE 393.37 1.73
HONG KONG 396.90 1.41

HEALTH BENEFITS OF WALNUT

1. Cardiovascular Benefits

Cardiovascular Aspect Walnut Benefit
Blood Quality decreased LDL cholesterol; decreased total cholesterol; increased gamma-tocopherol; increased omega-3 fatty acids in red blood cells (alpha-linolenic acid)
Vasomotor Tone decreased aortic endothelin; improved endothelial cell function
Risk of Excessive Clotting decreased maximum platelet aggregation rate; decreased platelet activation
Risk of Excessive Inflammation decreased C reactive protein (CRP); decreased tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a)

2. The following are the ranges for key blood pressure-regulating minerals in walnuts:

Mineral Natural Range Found Amongst Different Walnut Varieties (milligrams per 100 grams)
Potassium 375-500
Calcium 13-91
Magnesium 189-278

USEFUL REFERENCES

http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in

http://www.whfoods.com

3. Crop Technical

Life Cycle of Walnut - Click Here

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