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ASTA CLEANLINESS SPECIFICATION OF SONAMASURI
Food Chain : Take care of all the components to ensure quality and safety
Food Chain
Grade specifications
AGMARK
Under the Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act 1937, the national standards for paddy/rice have been notified. In this Act, certain varieties including Basmati rice have been covered. Various quality factors, which determine the grades, are (a) foreign matter other than rice (b) broken rice (c) fragments (d) damaged grains (e) weevilled grains (f) chalky grains (g) 1000 kernel weight and (h) size of grain i.e. length and breadth(L/B ratio). Agmark standards for paddy and rice are given in Annexure III and IV respectively.
ANNEXURE III
I] Specification of paddy under Agmark
(i) Grade Specification (quality) of paddy.
A) General characteristics :
Paddy shall:-
  • be the dried mature grains (with husk) of Oryza sativa L.;
  • have uniform size, shape and colour;
  • be hard, clean, wholesome and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, discolouration, admixture of deleterious substances and all other impurities except to the extent indicated in the under special characteristics;
  • be in sound merchantable condition; and
  • not have moisture exceeding 14 percent.
B) Special characteristics :
Grade
designation
Maximum limit of tolerance
Foreign matter
(% by wt.)
Admixture
(% by wt.)
Damaged, immature, weevilled
(% by wt.)
I 1.0 5.0 1.0
II 2.0 10.0 2.0
III 4.0 15.0 5.0
IV 7.0 30.0 10.0
C) Definitions :
  • Foreign - It includes dust, stone, lumps of earth, chaff, stem or straw and any other matter Impurities
    In case of admixture of other foodgrains in paddy, 0.5 percent of other foodgrains shall be treated as free tolerance and any thing above 0.5 percent shall be treated as foreign matter.
  • Admixture - Presence of inferior varieties shall be considered as admixture.
  • Damaged- Grains that are internally damaged or discoloured, damage and discolouration materially affecting the quality. The proportion of damaged grains shall not exceed 5.0 percent for grade IV.
  • Immature - Grains that are not properly developed.
  • Weevilled - Grains that are partially or wholly bored or eaten by weevil or other grain insects.
ANNEXURE IV
II] Specification of rice under Agmark
(i) Grade Specification (quality) of Raw Milled Superfine Rice and Raw Milled fine Rice.
A) General characteristics :
Raw milled super fine rice and raw milled fine rice shall:-
  • be the dried mature kernel of Oryza sativa L.;
  • have uniform size, shape and colour;
  • be sweet, hard, clean, wholesome and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, discolouration, admixture of deleterious substances and all other impurities except to the extent indicated in the under special characteristics;
  • be in sound merchantable condition;
  • not have moisture exceeding 14 percent; and
  • be polished as per the Rice Milling Industry (Regulation) Act, 1958.
B) Special characteristics :
Grade
designation
Maximum limit of tolerance
Foreign matter
(% by wt.)
Admixture
(% by wt.)
Broken
(% by wt.)
Damaged and discoloured, chalky, immature and green
(% by wt.)
I 0.3 5.0 5.0 0.25
II 0.7 10.0 10.0 0.50
III 1.5 15.0 15.0 1.0
IV 3.0 25.0 30.0 4.0
C) Definitions :
Foreign matter - It includes dust, stones, lumps of earth, chaff, stem or straw and any other Impurities.
Admixture - Presence of inferior varieties and red kernels will be considered as admixture. The Admixture of common rice shall not exceed 50 percent of the total admixture within the limits prescribed. The proportion of red kernels shall not exceed 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 percent for grade I, II & III respectively.
Red kernel - Kernels, whole or broken, which have 25 percent of more of their surface coated with red bran.
Broken - Brokens shall include pieces of kernel which are less than three-fourth of a whole kernels. The pieces smaller than one-forth of the whole kernels are to be treated as fragments. The proportion of fragments shall not exceed 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 percent for grades I, II and III respectively.
Damaged and -Grains that are internally damaged or discoloured, damage and discoloured discolouration materially affecting the quality.
Chalky - Grain at least half of which is milky white in colour and brittle in nature.
Immature and– Grains that are not properly developed or are green in colour. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)
(ii) Grade Specification (quality) of Raw Milled Medium Rice
A) General characteristics : Raw milled medium rice shall:-
  • be the dried mature kernels of Oryza sativa L.;
  • have uniform size, shape and colour;
  • be sweet, hard, clean, wholesome and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, discolouration, admixture of deleterious substances and all other impurities except to the extent indicated in the under special characteristics;
  • be in sound merchantable condition;
  • not have moisture exceeding 14 percent; and
  • be polished as per the Rice Milling Industry (Regulation) Act, 1958.
B) Special characteristics :
Grade
designation
Maximum limit of tolerance
Foreign matter
(% by wt.)
Brokens
(% by wt.)
Admixture (% by wt.) Damaged and discoloured, chalky, immature and green (% by wt.)
I 0.5 10.0 5.0 2.0
II 1.0 20.0 10.0 3.0
III 1.5 30.0 15.0 5.0
IV 3.0 40.0 30.0 9.0
C) Definitions :
matter – it includes dust, stones, lumps of earth, chaff, stem or straw and any other impurity.
Broken – Brokens shall include pieces of kernel, which are less than three-fourth of a whole kernel. The pieces smaller than one-fourth of the whole kernel are to be treated as fragments. The proportion of fragments shall not exceed 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 percent for grades I, II and III respectively.
Admixture – The presence of inferior varieties and red kernels shall be considered as admixture. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)
The proportion of red kernels shall not exceed 2.0, 4.0 and 6.0 percent for Grades I, II and III respectively.
Red kernels – Kernels, whole or broken, which have 25% or more of their surface coated with red bran.
Damaged and – Grains that are internally damaged or discoloured, damage and discoloured discolouration materially affecting the quality. ‘The proportion of . damaged grains shall not exceed 5.0 percent for grade IV.
Chalky – Grains at least half of which is milky white in colour and brittle in nature.
Immature and green – Grains that are not properly developed or green in colour.
ANNEXURE V
UNIFORM SPECIFICATION OF ALL VARIETIES OF PADDY (MARKETING SEASON 2010-2011)
Paddy shall be in sound merchantable condition, dry, clean, wholesome of good food value, uniform in colour and size of grains and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, Argemone mexicana, Lathyrus sativus (Khesari) and admixture of deleterious substances.
Paddy will be classified into Grade 'A' and Common groups.
SCHEDULE OF SPECIFICATION
S.No Refractions Maximum Limit (%)
1. Foreign matter
a) Inorganic
b) Organic
1.0
1.0
2. Damaged, discoloured, sprouted
and weevilled grains
4.0
3. Immature, Shrunken and shrivelled grains 3.0
4. Admixture of lower class 7.0
5. Moisture content 17.0
N.B.
  • The definitions of the above refractions and method of analysis are to be followed as per BIS ‘Method of analysis for foodgrains’ Nos. IS: 4333 (Part -I): 1996, IS: 4333 (Part-II): 2002 and ‘Terminology for foodgrains’ IS: Nos. 2813 -1995, as amended from time to time.
  • The method of sampling is to be followed as per BIS method for sampling of Cereals and Pulses IS: 14818-2000 as amended from time to time.
  • Within the overall limit of 1.0% for organic foreign matter, poisonous seeds shall not exceed 0.5% of which Dhatura and Akra seeds (Vicia species) not to exceed 0.025% and 0.2% respectively.
UNIFORM SPECIFICATION FOR GRADE ‘A’ & COMMON RICE (MARKETING SEASON 2010-2011)
Rice shall be in sound merchantable condition, sweet, dry, clean, wholesome, of good food value, uniform in colour and size of grains and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, admixture of unwholesome poisonous substances, Argemone mexicana and Lathyrus sativus (Khesari) in any form, or colouring agents and all impurities except to the extent in the schedule below. It shall also conform to PFA Standards:
SCHEDULE OF SPECIFICATION
S.No Refractions Maximum Limit (%)
Grade ‘A’ Common
1. Brokens*
Raw 25.0 25.0
Parboiled/single parboiled rice 16.0 16.0
2. Foreign Matter**
Raw/Parboiled/single parboiled rice 0.5 0.5
3. Damaged # /Slightly Damaged Grains
Raw 3.0 3.0
Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 4.0 4.0
4. Discoloured Grains
Raw 3.0 3.0
Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 5.0 5.0
5. Chalky Grains
Raw 5.0 5.0
6. Red Grains
Raw/Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 3.0 3.0
7. Admixture of lower class
Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 6.0 -
8. Dehusked Grains
Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 12.0 12.0
9. Moisture content @
Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 14.0 14.0
  • * Including 1% small brokens.
  • ** Not more than 0.25% by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10% by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.
  • # Including pin point damaged grains.
  • @ Rice (both Raw and Parboiled/Single Parboiled) can be procured with moisture content upto a maximum limit of 15% with value cut. There will be no value cut up to 14%. Between 14% to 15% moisture, value cut will be applicable at the rate of full value.
ii) Specifications of Food Corporation of India (FCI):
Food Corporation of India (FCI) is the nodal Government agency for procuring paddy/rice from all States for the distribution under Public Distribution System and maintaining buffer stock of paddy/rice. For procurement purpose, FCI adopts certain grade specifications for paddy/rice. These specifications are circulated and adopted by FCI for each season separately. For 2010-11 specifications are provided in Annexure V. Moisture for paddy 17%, rice 14%. For others see Annexure V List of market centres provided with computers in AP with phone numbers are provided in Annexure VI.
Draft proceedings of 45th Annual Rice Group Meetings, 2010
IET 19766 (27P11): A hybrid with high yield potential with medium slender grains excelled BPT 5204 in yield with similar grain quality characters. It has a flowering duration of 102 days and identified for the states of Karnataka and Maharashtra.
Plant Pathology
The screening efforts resulted in the identification of some cultures resistant to multiple pathogens:
IET 21151 (OR 2164-1; IR 68 / OR 1301-32) against Sheath rot, RTV and BLB; 21461 (NLR 20104; BPT 5204/ NLR 33359) for Leaf blast, Neck blast and Brown spot;
21473 (TTB 303-2-23; Kmj 1-17-2 / IET 10016) for Leaf blast, Neck blast and Sheath blight;
VL 31320 against Leaf blast, Sheath blight, Brown spot and BLB and
VL 30687 against Leaf blast, Neck blast and Sheath rot
The fungicide metominostrobin 20 SC (200 g.a.i/ha) was effective against blast and hexaconazole 75 WG (48.75 g.a.i/ha) and metominostrobin 20 SC (200 g.a.i/ha) were effective against sheath blight.
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 1,527 kJ (365 kcal)
Carbohydrates 79 g
Sugars 0.12 g
Dietary fiber 1.3 g
Fat 500 mg
Protein 7.12 g
Water 11.62 g
Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.0701 mg (5%)
Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.0149 mg (1%)
Niacin (Vit. B3) 1.62 mg (11%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 1.014 mg (20%)
Vitamin B6 0.164 mg (13%)
Calcium 28 mg (3%)
Iron 0.80 mg (6%)
Magnesium 25 mg (7%)
Manganese 1.088 mg (54%)
Phosphorus 115 mg (16%)
Potassium 115 mg (2%)
Zinc 1.09 mg (11%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database
UNIFORM SPECIFICATION OF ALL VARIETIES OF PADDY(MARKETING SEASON 2010-2011)
Paddy shall be in sound merchantable condition, dry, clean, wholesome of good food value, uniform in colour and size of grains and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, Argemone mexicana, Lathyrus sativus (Khesari) and admixture of deleterious substances.
SCHEDULE OF SPECIFICATION
S.No Refractions Maximum Limit (%)
1. Foreign matter
a) Inorganic
b) Organic
1.0
1.0
2. Damaged, discoloured, sprouted
 and weevilled grains
4.0
3. Immature, Shrunken and shrivelled grains 3.0
4. Admixture of lower class 7.0
5. Moisture content 17.0
N.B.
  • The definitions of the above refractions and method of analysis are to be followed as per BIS ‘Method of analysis for foodgrains’ Nos. IS: 4333 (Part -I): 1996, IS: 4333 (Part-II): 2002 and ‘Terminology for foodgrains’ IS: Nos. 2813 -1995, as amended from time to time.
  • The method of sampling is to be followed as per BIS method for sampling of Cereals and Pulses IS: 14818-2000 as amended from time to time.
  • Within the overall limit of 1.0% for organic foreign matter, poisonous seeds shall not exceed 0.5% of which Dhatura and Akra seeds (Vicia species) not to exceed 0.025% and 0.2% respectively.
UNIFORM SPECIFICATION FOR GRADE ‘A’ & COMMON RICE (MARKETING SEASON 2010-2011)
Rice shall be in sound merchantable condition, sweet, dry, clean, wholesome, of good food value, uniform in colour and size of grains and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, admixture of unwholesome poisonous substances, Argemone mexicana and Lathyrus sativus (Khesari) in any form, or colouring agents and all impurities except to the extent in the schedule below. It shall also conform to PFA Standards:
SCHEDULE OF SPECIFICATION
S.No Refractions Maximum Limit (%)
Grade ‘A’    Common
1. Brokens*    
  Raw 25.0 25.0
  Parboiled/single parboiled rice 16.0 16.0
2. Foreign Matter**    
  Raw/Parboiled/single parboiled rice 0.5 0.5
3. Damaged # /Slightly Damaged Grains    
  Raw 3.0 3.0
  Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 4.0 4.0
4. Discoloured Grains    
  Raw 3.0 3.0
  Parboiled/ single parboiled rice            5.0 5.0
5. Chalky Grains     
  Raw 5.0 5.0
6. Red Grains    
  Raw/Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 3.0 3.0
7. Admixture of lower class    
  Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 6.0 -
8. Dehusked Grains    
  Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 12.0 12.0
9. Moisture content @    
  Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 14.0 14.0
  • * Including 1% small brokens.
  • ** Not more than 0.25% by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10% by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.
  • # Including pin point damaged grains.
  • @ Rice (both Raw and Parboiled/Single Parboiled) can be procured with moisture content upto a maximum limit of 15% with value cut. There will be no value cut up to 14%. Between 14% to 15% moisture, value cut will be applicable at the rate of full value.
UNIFORM SPECIFICATION OF ALL VARIETIES OF PADDY (MARKETING SEASON 2010-2011)
Paddy shall be in sound merchantable condition, dry, clean, wholesome of good food value, uniform in colour and size of grains and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, Argemone mexicana, Lathyrus sativus (Khesari) and admixture of deleterious substances.
Paddy will be classified into Grade ‘A’ and Common groups.
SCHEDULE OF SPECIFICATION
S.No Refractions Maximum Limit (%)
1. Foreign matter
a) Inorganic
b) Organic
  1.0
1.0
2. Damaged, discoloured, sprouted
 and weevilled grains
4.0
3. Immature, Shrunken and shrivelled grains 3.0
4. Admixture of lower class 7.0
5. Moisture content 17.0
N.B.
  • The definitions of the above refractions and method of analysis are to be followed as per BIS ‘Method of analysis for foodgrains’ Nos. IS: 4333 (Part -I): 1996, IS: 4333 (Part-II): 2002 and ‘Terminology for foodgrains’ IS: Nos. 2813 -1995, as amended from time to time.
  • The method of sampling is to be followed as per BIS method for sampling of Cereals and Pulses IS: 14818-2000 as amended from time to time.
  • Within the overall limit of 1.0% for organic foreign matter, poisonous seeds shall not exceed 0.5% of which Dhatura and Akra seeds (Vicia species) not to exceed 0.025% and 0.2% respectively.
UNIFORM SPECIFICATION FOR GRADE ‘A’ & COMMON RICE (MARKETING SEASON 2010-2011)
Rice shall be in sound merchantable condition, sweet, dry, clean, wholesome, of good food value, uniform in colour and size of grains and free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, admixture of unwholesome poisonous substances, Argemone mexicana and Lathyrus sativus (Khesari) in any form, or colouring agents and all impurities except to the extent in the schedule below. It shall also conform to PFA Standards:
SCHEDULE OF SPECIFICATION
S.No Refractions Maximum Limit (%)
Grade ‘A’    Common
1. Brokens*    
  Raw 25.0 25.0
  Parboiled/single parboiled rice 16.0 16.0
2. Foreign Matter**    
  Raw/Parboiled/single parboiled rice 0.5 0.5
3. Damaged # /Slightly Damaged Grains    
  Raw 3.0 3.0
  Parboiled/ single parboiled rice            4.0 4.0
4. Discoloured Grains    
  Raw 3.0 3.0
  Parboiled/ single parboiled rice            5.0 5.0
5. Chalky Grains     
  Raw 5.0 5.0
6. Red Grains    
  Raw/Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 3.0 3.0
7. Admixture of lower class    
  Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 6.0 -
8. Dehusked Grains    
  Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 12.0 12.0
9. Moisture content @    
  Raw/ Parboiled/ single parboiled rice 14.0 14.0
  • * Including 1% small brokens.
  • ** Not more than 0.25% by weight shall be mineral matter and not more than 0.10% by weight shall be impurities of animal origin.
  • # Including pin point damaged grains.
  • >@ Rice (both Raw and Parboiled/Single Parboiled) can be procured with moisture content upto a maximum limit of 15% with value cut. There will be no value cut up to 14%. Between 14% to 15% moisture, value cut will be applicable at the rate of full value.
European Banned AGMARK Standards

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