DO'S & DON'TS OF CROPS SONAMASURI
Dos & Don’ts in Sona MAsuri Production
- Harvest the paddy when grains have become hard and contain 18-24 percent moisture.
- Harvest the paddy at proper time of maturity i.e. when lower grains are having powder.
- Dry paddy in sheds or 9-11 am in sun for 2-3 days. (As the moisture % at purchase
allowed by FCI is 17% in kharif 2010-11 procurement season). For storing at home
or for seed purpose dry paddy to <13% moisture.
- Threshing and winnowing on cemented (Pucca) floor.
- Market the paddy/rice after grading to get higher return.
- Get the market information regularly from www.agmarknet.nic.in website, newspaper,
T.V., concerned APMC offices etc. before marketing the produce.
- Avail the facility of futures trading and forward contracts to avoid price risk
arising due to wide fluctuation in rice prices.
- Take benefit of contract marketing to insure better price to the produce.
- Store the paddy/rice during post harvest period and sell it when prices are favourable.
- Reap the benefit of GRAMIN BHANDARAN YOJANA scheme for construction of rural godowns
and store paddy/rice to minimise losses in qualitative and quantitative terms.
- Avail the facility of Price Support Scheme during glut situation.
- Use effective, efficient and proper post harvest technology and processing techniques
to avoid post harvest losses.
- Select the shortest and efficient marketing channel to get higher share in marketing.
- Use proper and scientific method of storage.
- Select the cheapest and convenient mode of transportation from the available alternatives.
- Use proper packing for paddy/rice to protect the quality and quantity during transit
- Transport paddy/rice in bags which minimises grain losses.
- Follow the export rules and regulations properly for export.
- Don’t harvest paddy before crop matures which means lower yield and also higher
proportion of immature grains.
- Don’t delay in harvesting. It results in grain shedding and cracking of rice
- Don’t dry in severe sun. Excess drying of grains leads to formation of more
brokens during milling.
- Don’t perform threshing and winnowing on earthen floor.
- Don’t sell during glut situation.
- Don’t use traditional and conventional techniques in post harvest operations
and in processing which cause quantitative and qualitative losses.
- Don’t select marketing channel, which is longer, at the cost of producer’s
- Don’t use conventional and outdated methods of storage which cause storage
- Don’t select any mode of transport, which causes losses, and incur more expenses
- Don’t use improper packing causing spoilage during transit and storage.
- Don’t transport paddy/rice in bulk, as it enhances grain losses.
- Don’t keep any lacunae in export procedure.