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DO'S & DON'TS OF CROPS SONAMASURI
Dos & Don’ts in Sona MAsuri Production
Do's
  • Harvest the paddy when grains have become hard and contain 18-24 percent moisture.
  • Harvest the paddy at proper time of maturity i.e. when lower grains are having powder.
  • Dry paddy in sheds or 9-11 am in sun for 2-3 days. (As the moisture % at purchase allowed by FCI is 17% in kharif 2010-11 procurement season). For storing at home or for seed purpose dry paddy to <13% moisture.
  • Threshing and winnowing on cemented (Pucca) floor.
  • Market the paddy/rice after grading to get higher return.
  • Get the market information regularly from www.agmarknet.nic.in website, newspaper, T.V., concerned APMC offices etc. before marketing the produce.
  • Avail the facility of futures trading and forward contracts to avoid price risk arising due to wide fluctuation in rice prices.
  • Take benefit of contract marketing to insure better price to the produce.
  • Store the paddy/rice during post harvest period and sell it when prices are favourable.
  • Reap the benefit of GRAMIN BHANDARAN YOJANA scheme for construction of rural godowns and store paddy/rice to minimise losses in qualitative and quantitative terms.
  • Avail the facility of Price Support Scheme during glut situation.
  • Use effective, efficient and proper post harvest technology and processing techniques to avoid post harvest losses.
  • Select the shortest and efficient marketing channel to get higher share in marketing.
  • Use proper and scientific method of storage.
  • Select the cheapest and convenient mode of transportation from the available alternatives.
  • Use proper packing for paddy/rice to protect the quality and quantity during transit and storage.
  • Transport paddy/rice in bags which minimises grain losses.
  • Follow the export rules and regulations properly for export.
Don’ts
  • Don’t harvest paddy before crop matures which means lower yield and also higher proportion of immature grains.
  • Don’t delay in harvesting. It results in grain shedding and cracking of rice in husk.
  • Don’t dry in severe sun. Excess drying of grains leads to formation of more brokens during milling.
  • Don’t perform threshing and winnowing on earthen floor.
  • Don’t sell during glut situation.
  • Don’t use traditional and conventional techniques in post harvest operations and in processing which cause quantitative and qualitative losses.
  • Don’t select marketing channel, which is longer, at the cost of producer’s share.
  • Don’t use conventional and outdated methods of storage which cause storage losses.
  • Don’t select any mode of transport, which causes losses, and incur more expenses on transport.
  • Don’t use improper packing causing spoilage during transit and storage.
  • Don’t transport paddy/rice in bulk, as it enhances grain losses.
  • Don’t keep any lacunae in export procedure.
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