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INDIAN VARIETIES OF COTTON
INDIAN VARIETIES
Several high yielding varieties / hybrids of cotton have been recommended and released for commercial cultivation in different states (Table-7). Varieties of G. hirsutum and G. arboreum are grown in all the cotton growing states including Andhra Pradesh. G. herbaceum varieties are cultivated in some areas in Gujarat and Karnataka. G. barbadense is cultivated on small area in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka states. The cotton hybrids are cultivated in the central and south India. Some hybrids have been released recently for north India.
Recommended Varieties / Hybrids
Region / State Production condition Recommended varities/ hybrids Special feature
G. hirsutum, varieties
Haryana  


Punjab
Irrigated condition, cotton-wheat rotation double cropping irrigated agro ecosystem. CLCV susceptible area. H-777 Susceptible to CLCV
HS-45 -do-
HS-6 -do-
H-974 -do-
H-1098 Tolerant to CLCV
F-1378 Susceptible to CLCV
F-846 -do-
LH-1134 -do-
Lh-1556. Tolerant to CLCV
F-1054 Susceptible to CLCV
LH-900
Rajasthan Irrigated condition, cotton- wheat or cotton-mustard rotation, double cropping irrigated agro ecosystem. CLCV susceptible area. RST-9 --do-
RST-875 Tolerant to CLCV
RST-810 Resistant to CLCV
Intra-hirsutum Hybrid
Punjab   Irrigated condition. Fateh Susceptible to CLCV
Haryana Cotton-wheat rotation double cropping Dhanlaxmi Susceptible to CLCV
Rajasthan North Zone
---do--
Irrigated agro ecosystem, CLCV susceptible zone. Irrigated condition and fit in double cropping pattern. Maruvikas
Om Shnakar
LHH-144
Susceptible to CLCV
Tolerant to CLCV. Resistant to CLCV
G. arboreum Varieties
Haryana HD-107 Resistant to CLCV
-do- DS-5 --do—
-do- HD-123 -do-
Punjab LD-327 -do-
-do- LD-491 -do-
Rajasthan RG-8 -do-
-do- RG-18 -do-
Uttar Pradesh

G.hirsutum
G.arboreum

Irrigated condition cotton -wheat rotation double cropping system

Vikas Lohit
Maharashtra
G-hirsutum Rainfed, mono-cropping, inter-cropping LKK-5166, Anjali, Rajat. Wide adaptability
PKV-081
DHY-286 Resistant to Jassid
Hybrid (HxH) -do- PKV Hy2 -do-
NHH-44 -do-
G.arboreum -do- AKH-4 Drought tolerant
AKA-8401 -do-
Y-1 -do-
PA-183
Madhya Pradesh  
G.hirsutum Mainly -rainfed conditions Khandwa-2
Khandwa-3
Vikram
Resistant to Jassid
Hybrid (H x H) JK Hy- 1
JK Hy-2
Wide adaptability
G.arboreum Majari
Jawahar Tapti
Drought tolerant.
-do-
Karnataka
G.hirsutum Irrigated & Rainfed conditions Sharada
Abhadita
Sahana
Tolerant to bollworrn.
Hybrid (H xH) Irrigated conditions DCH-32
DHB-105
HB-224
DHH-11
G.herbaceum Rainfed conditions Raichur-51
DHB 3-12
G.arboreum AK-235
G-22
Tamil Nadu
G.hirsutum Irrigated & Rainfed conditions MCU 5 VT Tolerant verticilliurn wilt
MCU-7 Rice fallow tract
MCU-9 Winter tract
LRA-5166
Surabhi
G.barbadense Irrigated conditions Suvin Fine quality cotton
Hybrids(HxH) Savita
Surya
(H x B) DCH-32
HB-224
TCHB-312
G.arboreum Rainfed conditions K-10
K-11
(H x H) = hirsutum x hirsutum, (H x B) = (hirsutum x barbadense)
Recommended cotton varieties for Andhra Pradesh and their important characteristics
Andhra Pradesh is playing a key role in national efforts for stepping up of cotton production and productivity in India. Due to the susceptibility of prominent hybrids like JKHy-1, DCH-32 etc., to the wilt of un-known etiology during early 80’s and flare up of whitefly in 1984-85, the area under hybrids was drastically replaced by varieties. After decline in whitefly incidence, the area under hybrids has increased gradually but varieties still occupy some area in this state. The total area under cotton cultivation in the state is around 13.19 lakh hectares with an annual production of about 32 lakh bales (1 bale=170 kg each). In Andhra Pradesh three different agroclimatic regions are existing viz., Coastal region, Telangana region and Rayalaseema region. All the cultivable species of Gossypium viz., G.arboreum, G.herbaceum, G.hirsutum and G.barbadense are grown in commercial proportions. Andhra Pradesh has unique distinction of cultivating the largest number of cotton varieties in a season which includes certain non-descript types.
Varietal characters and morphological features of some popular cotton varieties recommended for Andhra Pradesh
MCU 5:
It was released by TNAU in 1968. The duration is 160-180 days. Plant habit is tall, open type with pyramidal shape, stem portions exposed to direct sunlight develop purple pigmentation rather strongly. The leaves are dark green, 5 lobed and leaf nectaries present. It is having 1-2 monopodia and 18-20 sympodia. Petal and anther colour is creamy, Bolls are oblong and medium, with 3-4 locules and fuzzy seed. Average yield of seed cotton is 28 q/ha. It possesses fibre length of 30 mm and 34 ginning percent, and spins upto 60’s counts. It is tolerant to jassids but susceptible to whitefly.
LRA 5166:
This is a triple cross derivative developed by CICR, Regional Station, Coimbatore. The duration is 160-180 days. Leaves are light green, small to medium in size with 4-5 lobes, medium hairy lamina and open plant type. Flowers are medium, corolla cream, anthers are yellow. Bolls are medium, small, round slightly elongated, 4 loculed. It yields 26 q/ha. It has fibre length of 24 mm, ginning percentage 35 and spins upto 40’s counts. It is tolerant to jassids but susceptible to whitefly.
Kanchana:
It is a reselection from JGL 14515 with 160-170 days duration. Medium to tall with short internodes, open type, somewhat determinate with 1-2 monopodia and 15-25 sympodia. Stem pinkish green, very slightly hairy. Leaves medium broad, 4-5 lobes with pointed lobe ends, dark green and glabrous, nectaries present, glanded. Corolla pale yellow, anther and pollen, are creamy and petal spot absent. Immature bolls are oval and matured bolls, are round and fairly big size, 4-5 locules, boll weight 4.0 to 5.0 g. Seeds medium, fuzzy. It is tolerant to whitefly but susceptible to jassids. It gives an average kapas yield of 28 q/ha with ginning out turn 35% and mean fibre length of 27.0 mm.
LK 861:
It is reselection from Krishna. Tall, short to medium internodes, open, conical plant type, indeterminate growth with 0-2 monopodia and 15-30 sympodia. Stem pinkish green and sparsely hairy. Leaves medium broad slightly cup shaped 3-5 lobes with pointed lobe ends, green, glabrous, thick, nectaries present, glanded. Corolla, anther and pollen cream. Petal spot absent. Bolls oblong to spindle shaped, 4-5 loculed, pointed, boll weight 4.5 to 5.0 g. Seeds medium sized, fuzzy. Duration of the crop is 170-190 days. It is highly tolerant to whitefly but susceptible to jassids. It gives an average yield of kapas 32 q/ha. It gives ginning out turn of 34% and mean fibre length of 29.0 mm. and spins 50’s.
L 389:
Medium to tall with short internodes, 1-2 monopodia, bushy type plant with 20-25 sympodial branches. Stem greenish pink, less hairy. Leaves broad 3-5 lobed, hairy dark green leaves, pointed lobe ends, glanded, nectaries present. Corolla cream, petal spot absent. Anther and pollen buff. Boll size big round to oblong, 3-5 locules pointed, boll weight 5.0 to 5.5 g. Seeds big, fuzzy. Duration of the crop is 160-170 days. It is slightly susceptible to both jassids and to whitefly but gives higher yield than MCU 5 under equal whitefly pest load. It is resistant to blackarm disease. It gives an average kapas yield of 32 q/ha. With 35% ginning out turn and mean fibre length of 29.0 mm. ad spins upto 60’s.
L 603:
Released in 1997. It has duration of 150-155 days. It is an open, conical plant type with 1-3 monopodia stem pinkish green and hairy. Leaves medium broad, 3-5 lobed with pointed lobes, light green, medium thick. Corolla cream and pollen buff colour. Bolls oblong to round shape, 4-5 loculed, slightly pointed, medium size. It is tolerant to jassids. It possess mean fibre length of 28.7 mm with 35.2% ginning percentage. It can spin upto 40’s counts.
L 604:
Released in 1997. It has duration of 150-160 days. It is an open, conical plant type with short to medium internodes, 0-3 monopodia, 15-30 sympodia. Stem pinkish green and moderately hairy. Leaves medium broad, slightly cup shaped, 3-5 lobed, medium hairy slightly pointed and dark green in colour. Corolla yellow, anther and pollen buff. Bolls big, round to oblong slightly pointed with 3-5 locules. Seeds medium to big and fuzzy. It is resistant to blackarm and bacterial blight diseases. Moderately resistant to jassids and bollworms. It possess mean fibre length of 26.3 mm with 36% ginning percentage. It can spin up to 40’s counts.
Krishna:
Released in Andhra Pradesh in 1968. Duration 140-145 days. Plant is conical in shape. Leaves are smaller in size attached to the stem in a slanting position. Corolla and pollen are buff, bolls medium smooth, spindle shaped 4 loculed. Yield of seed cotton 25 q/ha. in irrigated conditions. Its fibre length is 26 mm. and ginning percentage is 33% and spins upto 40’s counts. Suitable for cultivation in Guntur, Krishna and Nellore districts in Rabi season for Rice follows.
Narasimha (NA 1325):
It has duration of 160 days. It grows to a height of 85-95 cm, tolerant to jassids. The plant habit is bushy and stem hairy and green with one to three monopodia. The leaf is normal, green hairy. The petal colour is cream, pollen colour buff. Bolls are medium sized and oval. It possess mean halo length of 25.6 mm. Ginning percentage 36.2 and suitable to spin 30-40’s counts. It gives an average kapas yield of 18 q/ha. under normal conditions.
Aravinda (NDLA 2708):
It belongs to G.arboreum. This was released in the year 1998. Its potential yield is 16 q/ha. Its ginning percentage is 36.2 and its span length is 22 mm. Its micronaire is 5.5. Its Bundle strength is 20(1/8 guage). This is resistant to jassids, tolerant to drought. Recommended for cotton growing areas of Andhra Pradesh.
Sri Nandi (NDLA 2463):
It belongs to G.arboreum. This was released in the year 2006. Its potential yield is 18 q/ha. Its ginning percentage is 37 and its span length is 22.5 mm with capacity to spin better 20’s. This is resistant to blackarm and tolerant to drought. Recommended for cotton growing areas of Andhra Pradesh.
Veena:
It has duration of 160 days. It is tall and erect plant type with 0-2 monopodia and 12-16 sympodia. It has narrow lobed leaves, green stem with hairs turning to red brown at maturity flowers small with white petals, petal spot present, crimson red in colour, cleistogamous, pollen colour golden yellow, boll shape tapering, pitted with good opening. Tolerant to jassids and bollworms under field conditions. It has ginning out turn of 38%. It gives an average yield of 10-12 q/ha. It has fibre length of 25.3 mm. with capacity to spin better 20’s.
Yaganti (NDLA 2933):
It has duration of 160 days. This was released in the year 2010. It is tall and erect plant type with 0-2 monopodia and 13-16 sympodia. Tolerant to jassids and bollworms under field conditions. It gives an average yield of 18-19 q/ha. It has fibre length of 23 mm with capacity to spin better 20’s. This is resistant to jassids and tolerant to drought. Recommended for cotton growing areas of Andhra Pradesh.
Details of some popular Hybrids
LAHH-4:
This is Intra-Hirsutum hybrid. This was released in 1997. Its potential yield is 35 q/ha. Ginning percentage = 34. Span length = 27 mm. Micronaire = 3.1. Bundle strength = 23(1/8 guage). This has wide adaptability with good regenerative capacity. It is recommended for both irrigated and rainfed areas of Andhra Pradesh.
LAHH-5:
This is Intra-hirsutum hybrid. This was released in 2002. Its potential yield is 35 q/ha. Ginning percentage = 35.2. Span length = 29.4 mm. Micronaire = 3.9. It is moderately tolerant to jassids, resistant to bacterial leaf blight and Cercospora leaf spot. Recommended for both irrigated and rainfed areas of Andhra Pradesh.
Hybrid Bunny (NCS 145):
An intra-hirsutum hybrid modified by a private seed company (Nuziveedu seeds). Suitable both for irrigated and rainfed conditions. It is tolerant to drought and water logged conditions; yields about 30-35 Q/ha; staple length = 31-32.5 mm; Micronaire (g/inch) =3.3 to 4.0; Count No = 50-70; Bundle Strength =22; Ginning % =35; Uniformity ratio (%GE) = 46-48; Tenacity = 1" 1/8 Gauge (g/tex) =23-25
A total of 27 varieties / hybrids were released by ANGRAU of Andhra Pradesh since its inception. This list consists of arboreums (8), herbaceum (1), hirsutum (13) and hybrids (5).
Varieties / hybrids which were released by ANGRAU
Krishna (AC 122) Veena Fedraj (IC 1824)
Mahanandi (355-E.6) Mahalaxmi (1301DD) Amaravathi (AV 1661)
Saraswathi (12009) Srisailam (1512) Pawan (ADB 332)
Vijaya Lakshmi (NA 247) Sangam (V 14) Kanchana (LPS 141)
Lam hybrid -1 Bhagya Laxmi(NHB 80) NHH 390 (NHH 39)
LK 861 NA 920 (Priya) NA 1325 (Narasimha)
Lam 604 L 389 LAHH-4
Aravinda (NDLA 2708) Lam 603 LAHH 5
Sri Nandi (NDLA 2463) Raghavendra (5865) Yaganti (NDLA 2933)
Package of Practices - Seed Profile Global Varieties

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